Guidelines for monitoring seabirds at sea.
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The efforts of HELCOM to conserve the Baltic Sea environment are aggregated in its Baltic Sea Action Plan. Measures to guarantee the environmental integrity of the Baltic Sea need to be backed by science-based environmental data. To get this information, HELCOM is conducting holistic assessments, which include various components of the Baltic Sea ecosystem. Seabirds (marine birds including coastal waterbirds) are substantial components at various levels of the food web and serve as herbivores of littoral vegetation and predators of macroinvertebrates, fish, other birds, carcasses and fishery discard in the Baltic marine environment. While breeding seabirds are concentrated along and around their breeding sites at the coast or on islands, non-breeding seabirds are distributed across the entire marine area of the Baltic Sea. In the second holistic assessment of the Baltic Sea (HOLAS II), the abundance of wintering seabirds was assessed by the HELCOM Core Indicator “Abundance of waterbir.....
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.1
Spatial CoverageBaltic Sea
CitationHELCOM (2021) Guidelines for monitoring seabirds at sea. Helsinki, Finland, HELCOM, 46pp. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25607/OBP-1918