Guideline on the determination of Perfluoroalkylated substances (PFAS) in seawater.
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substances (PFASs) are considered global environmental contaminants. PFOS and PFOA are chemically and biologically inert and very stable (Poulsen et al. 2005). PFOS meets the P (persistent) and vP (very persistent) criteria due to very long half lifes. PFOS is also bioaccumulative (B) and toxic (T) (OSPAR 2005). PFOA is considered as very persistent (vP) and toxic (T), but not bioaccumulative (Van der Putte et al. 2010). Both have the capacity to undergo long-range transportation. These guidelines concentrate on the sampling, extraction and instrumental analysis of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) from seawater and also address special aspects of the sampling matrix. Currently, there are no HELCOM monitoring guidelines for PFASs in biota and sediments but information can be found in Ahrens, L., Vorkamp, K., Lepom, P., Bersuder, P., Theobald, N., Ebinghaus, R., Bossi, R., Barber, J. L., McGovern, E. 2010. Determination of perfluoroalkyl compounds in water, sediment, and biot.....
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.1
Spatial CoverageBaltic Sea
CitationHELCOM (2018) Guideline on the determination of Perfluoroalkylated substances (PFAS) in seawater. Helsinki, Finland, HELCOM, 8pp. DOI: