How to map the resilience of hydrothermal vent fields: a tutorial. Verson 1.
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Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
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One of the targets for commercial mining is the Seafloor Massive Sulfides (SMSs) deposits formed around hydrothermal vents, which is a highly attractive source of copper, zinc, lead, gold and silver ores (Hoagland 2010, Herzig 1999, Binns and Scott 1993, Halbach et al. 1989). Hydrothermal vents host chemosynthetic communities as well as metal rich ores. The chemosynthetic communities consist of many endemic invertebrate species specifically adapted to the vent environment via microbial chemoautotrophic primary production (Van Dover 2010). These species have provided new scientific insights into the mechanisms by which organisms adopt to the extreme environment (Jannasch and Wirsen 1979). Furthermore, as reviewed by Le et al. (2016), ecological function and services of these communities range from providing habitat and refuge for other species including non-endemic species (Levin et al. 2016, Govenar 2010), playing a key role in global carbon, sulfur and heavy metals cycling .....
PublisherJapan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)
Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa, Japan
Series;NrSIP Protocol Series;7
Best Practice TypeBest Practice
Standard Operating Procedure
CitationJapan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (2019) How to map the resilience of hydrothermal vent fields: a tutorial. Version 1. Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa, Japan, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 21pp. (SIP Protocol Series No. 7). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25607/OBP-445