MBON is a “coalition of the willing” who agree to share knowledge and know-how to evaluate changes of biodiversity in the ocean, including data, products, protocols and methods, data systems and software. The MBON seeks to establish a process for sustained, operational measurements of biodiversity around the globe. These observations should be collected in standardized ways, and the information shared, in order to understand how biodiversity is changing. The ultimate objective is to understand how and why life in the ocean is changing, how local changes relate to changes taking place over larger regions, and to provide information to help define options for government and intergovernmental policies relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity.


MBON is a project within the GEOBON: https://geobon.org/networks/thematic-bon/mbon/

Collections in this community

Recent Submissions

  • Satellite sensor requirements for monitoring essential biodiversity variables of coastal ecosystems. 

    Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Hestir, Erin; Ade, Christiana; Turpie, Kevin; Roberts, Dar A.; Siegel, David; Miller, Robert J.; Humm, David; Izenberg, Noam; Keller, Mary; Morgan, Frank; Frouin, Robert; Dekker, Arnold G.; Gardner, Royal; Goodman, James; Schaeffer, Blake; Franz, Bryan A.; Pahlevan, Nima; Mannino, Antonio G.; Concha, Javier A.; Ackleson, Steven G.; Cavanaugh, Kyle C.; Romanou, Anastasia; Tzortziou, Maria; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Pavlick, Ryan; Freeman, Anthony; Rousseaux, Cecile S.; Dunne, John; Long, Matthew C.; Klein, Eduardo; McKinley, Galen A.; Goes, Joachim; Letelier, Ricardo; Kavanaugh, Maria; Roffer, Mitchell; Bracher, Astrid; Arrigo, Kevin R.; Dierssen, Heidi; Zhang, Xiaodong; Davis, Frank W.; Best, Ben; Guralnick, Robert; Moisan, John; Sosik, Heidi M.; Kudela, Raphael; Mouw, Colleen B.; Barnard, Andrew H.; Palacios, Sherry; Roesler, Collin; Drakou, Evangelia G.; Appeltans, Ward; Jetz, Walter (2018)
    The biodiversity and high productivity of coastal terrestrial and aquatic habitats are the foundation for important benefits to human societies around the world. These globally distributed habitats need frequent and broad ...
  • Best practices for implementing the STAVIRO underwater video protocol. [VIDEO] 

    Pelletier, Dominique; Cadé, Florent; Pearlman, Jay; Lara-Lopez, Ana; Roos, David (French Institute for the Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer) and Oceans.mov and Ocean Best Practices System, Brest, France, 2022)
    Essential Biodiversity variables (EBV) related to benthic habitats and high trophic levels such as fish communities must be measured at fine scale but monitored and assessed at spatial scales that are relevant for policy ...
  • A standardized workflow based on the STAVIRO unbaited underwater video system for monitoring fish and habitat essential biodiversity variables in coastal areas. 

    Pelletier, Dominique; Roos, David; Bouchoucha, Marc; Schohn, Thomas; Roman, William; Gonson, Charles; Bockel, Thomas; Carpentier, Liliane; Preuss, Bastien; Powell, Abigail; Garcia, Jessica; Gaboriau, Matthias; Cade, Florent; Royaux, Coline; Le Bras, Yvan; Reecht, Yves (2021)
    Essential Biodiversity variables (EBV) related to benthic habitats and high trophic levels such as fish communities must be measured at fine scale but monitored and assessed at spatial scales that are relevant for policy ...
  • Webenizing Condition Reports: Communicating Data-Driven Ecosystem Indicators in a Visually Engaging and Interactive Online Platform. 

    Spector, Pike; Best, Ben; Raganathan, Jai; Murray, Tylar; Brown, Jennifer; Caldow, Chris; Canonico, Gabrielle; DeVogelaere, Andrew (NOAA, Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, Silver Springs, MD, 2021)
    The compilation and release of data-driven reports is one of the core functions of natural resource agencies and offices that support scientific investigations. Often, these reports contain data and synthesis related to ...
  • Biological Observation Data Standardization - A Primer for Data Managers. 

    Benson, Abigail; LaScala-Gruenewald, Diana; McGuinn, Robert; Satterthwaite, Erin; Beaulieu, Stace; Biddle, Mathew; deWitt, Lynn; McKinzie, Megan; Montes, Enrique; Moustahfid, Hassan; Muller-Karger, Frank; Murray, Tylar; Van de Putte, Anton (ESIP Biological Data Standards Cluster, 2021)
    Lots of standards exist for use with biological data but navigating them can be difficult for data managers who are new to them. The Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) Biological Data Standards Cluster developed ...
  • Optimizing large-scale biodiversity sampling effort: toward an unbalanced survey design. 

    Montes, Enrique; Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; Guerra-Castro, Edlin; Klein, Eduardo; Kavanaugh, Maria T.; de Azevedo Mazzuco, Ana Carolina; Bigatti, Gregorio; Cordeiro, Cesar A.M.M.; Simoes, Nuno; Macaya, Erasmo C.; Moity, Nicolas; Londoño-Cruz, Edgardo; Helmuth, Brian; Choi, Francis; Soto, Eulogio H.; Miloslavich, Patricia; Muller-Karger, Frank E. (2021)
    Acquiring marine biodiversity data is difficult, costly, and timeconsuming, making it challenging to understand the distribution and abundance of life in the ocean. Historically, approaches to biodiversity sampling over ...
  • Publishing DNA-derived data through biodiversity data platforms. version 1.0. 

    Andersson, A.F.; Bissett, A.; Finstad, A.G.; Fossøy, F.; Grosjean, M.; Hope, M.; Jeppesen, T.S.; Kõljalg, U.; Lundin, D.; Nilsson, R.N.; Prager, M.; Svenningsen, C.; Schigel, D. (GBIF Secretariat, Copehagen, Denmark, 2020)
    When genetic information is used to describe or classify a taxon, most users will foresee its use in the context of molecular ecology or phylogenetic research. It is important to realize that a sequence with coordinates ...
  • MBON Pole to Pole tutorial - Generating Darwin Core Archive files. [Training Video]. 

    MBON Pole to Pole (University of South Florida for MBON Pole to Pole Programme, St Petersburg, FL, 2021)
    To guide people through the process of transforming datasets to Darwin Core with new tools the team has developed to publish biodiversity survey data in OBIS. MBON Pole to Pole is developing a Community of Practice across ...
  • Protocolos de monitoreo de la biodiversidad marina en áreas naturales protegidas del Caribe mexicano. 

    Perera-Valderrama, Susana; Cerdeira-Estrada, Sergio; Martell-Dubois, Raúl; Rosique-de la Cruz, Laura O.; Caballero-Aragón, Hansel; Ressl, Rainer; Santamaría-del Ángel, Eduardo; Álvarez-Filip, Lorenzo; Reyes-Bonilla, Héctor; Alva-Basurto, Jorge Christian; Francisco-Ramos, Vanessa; van Tussenbroek, Brigitta I.; Rodríguez-Zúñiga, María Teresa; Villeda-Chávez, Edgar; Herrera-Silveira, Jorge; Herrera-Pavón, Roberto; Zamora-Vilchis, Itzel; Blanco-Parra, María del Pilar; Lara-Lizardi, Frida; Hoyos-Padilla, Edgar Mauricio; Ketchum, James (CONABIO, México City, México, 2020)
    This work integrates and proposes protocols for monitoring marine biodiversity in marine protected areas of the Mexican Caribbean, as part of a program with an integrative approach that allows its implementation to be ...
  • Advancing Marine Biological Observations and Data Requirements of the Complementary Essential Ocean Variables (EOVs) and Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBVs) Frameworks. 

    Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Miloslavich, Patricia; Bax, Nicholas J.; Simmons, Samantha; Costello, Mark J.; Pinto, Isabel Sousa; Canonico, Gabrielle; Turner, Woody; Gill, Michael; Montes, Enrique; Best, Benjamin D.; Pearlman, Jay; Halpin, Patrick; Dunn, Daniel; Benson, Abigail; Martin, Corinne S.; Weatherdon, Lauren V.; Appeltans, Ward; Provoost, Pieter; Klein, Eduardo; Kelble, Christopher R.; Miller, Robert J.; Chavez, Francisco P.; Iken, Katrin; Chiba, Sanae; Obura, David; Navarro, Laetitia M.; Pereira, Henrique M.; Allain, Valerie; Batten, Sonia; Benedetti-Checchi, Lisandro; Duffy, J. Emmett; Kudela, Raphael M.; Rebelo, Lisa-Maria; Shin, Yunne; Geller, Gary (2018)
    Measurements of the status and trends of key indicators for the ocean and marine life are required to inform policy and management in the context of growing human uses of marine resources, coastal development, and climate ...
  • Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations. 

    Jetz, Walter; McGeoch, Melodie A.; Guralnick, Robert; Ferrier, Simon; Beck, Jan; Costello, Mark J.; Fernandez, Miguel; Geller, Gary N.; Keil, Petr; Merow, Cory; Meyer, Carsten; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Pereira, Henrique M.; Regan, Eugenie C.; Schmeller, Dirk S.; Turak, Eren (2019)
    Species distributions and abundances are undergoing rapid changes worldwide. This highlights the significance of reliable, integrated information for guiding and assessing actions and policies aimed at managing and ...
  • Sampling protocol for assessment of marine diversity on sandy beaches. 

    MBON Pole to Pole (Marine Biodiversity Observation Network Pole to Pole of the Americas, 2019)
    Present from Patagonia to the Artic and more frequented by people than any other type of shoreline, sandy beaches have been commonly neglected in long term ecological and conservation ...
  • Sampling protocol for assessment of marine diversity on rocky shores. (Modified from the SARCE South American Research Group on Coastal Ecosystems for sampling on rocky shores protocol). 

    MBON Pole to Pole (Marine Biodiversity Observation Network Pole to Pole of the Americas, 2019)
    Rocky shores are among the most studied marine habitats, and their communities are often used as models to describe biodiversity dynamics worldwide. There is a need to understand and monitor environmental changes at global ...
  • Evaluation of Filtration and DNA Extraction Methods for Environmental DNA Biodiversity Assessments across Multiple Trophic Levels. 

    Djurhuus, Anni; Port, Jesse; Closek, Collin J.; Yamahara, Kevan M.; Romero-Maraccini, Ofelia; Walz, Kristine R.; Goldsmith, Dawn B.; Michisaki, Reiko; Breitbart, Mya; Boehm, Alexandria B.; Chavez, Francisco P. (2017)
    Metabarcoding of marine environmental DNA (eDNA), originating from tissue, cells, or extracellular DNA, offers the opportunity to survey the biological composition of communities across multiple trophic levels from a ...