Appendix 3. Methods for measuring transparent exopolymer particles and their precursors in seawater.
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Villacorte, Loreen O.
Schippers, Jan C.
Kennedy, Maria D.
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Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) and their precursors produced by phyto-/bacterioplankton in fresh and marine aquatic environments are increasingly considered as a major cause of organic/particulate fouling in MF/UF membranes and organic/particulate and biological fouling in SWRO membranes. The following sections comprise detailed descriptions of two methods for measuring transparent exopolymer particles in seawater, namely TEP0.4μm and TEP10kDa. The TEP0.4μm method measures transparent exopolymer particles retained by membrane filters having pores of 0.4 μm and conventionally known as TEP (Passow and Alldredge, 1995). The TEP10kDa method covers transparent exopolymer particles retained by membrane filters with molecular weight cut-off of 10 kDa. Consequently, this method covers both TEP and most (if not all) of their colloidal precursors. TEP0.4μm is a more rapid method than TEP10kDa and is recommended for routine TEP monitoring in untreated seawater. The TEP10kDa met.....
Title of ReportHarmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Desalination: a Guide to Impacts, Monitoring and Management.
Editor(s) of ReportAnderson, D.M.
PublisherIntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO
Series;NrIntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Manuals and Guides;78
Best Practice TypeManual
CitationVillacorte, L.O.; Schippers, J.C. and Kennedy, M.D. (2017) Appendix 3. Methods for measuring transparent exoplolymer particles their precursors in seawater. In: Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Desalination: A Guide to Impacts, Monitoring and Management. (eds. Anderson D. M.; Boerlage, S. F. E. and Dixon, M.B.) Paris, France, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, pp. 501-507. (IOC Manuals and Guides No. 78). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25607/OBP-364