Bloom prevention and control.
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Anderson, Clarissa R.
Sellner, Kevin G.
Anderson, Donald M.
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Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a serious and growing problem to many sectors of society, including the desalination industry. The many problems that HABs present for seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants include: 1) the production of dangerous toxins that have the potential to contaminate treated water; 2) high algal biomass that clogs intake filters; and 3) contributing to biofouling of equipment and SWRO membranes. It is important to limit the impact from HABs by preventing blooms from reaching SWRO plants in the first place, while also reducing their effects in the event that ingress to the plant has occurred. Many of the management actions taken to respond to HABs can be termed mitigation – i.e., dealing with an existing or ongoing bloom, and taking whatever steps are necessary or possible to reduce negative impacts. Mitigation strategies can be classified into two categories, precautionary impact preventions and bloom controls (Kim 2006; Anderson 2004). P.....
Title of ReportHarmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Desalination: a Guide to Impacts, Monitoring and Management.
Editor(s) of ReportAnderson, D.M.
PublisherIntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO
Series;NrIntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Manuals and Guides;78
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.1
Best Practice TypeManual
CitationAnderson, C. R.; Sellner, K. G. and Anderson, D. M. (2017) Bloom prevention and control. In: Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Desalination: A Guide to Impacts, Monitoring and Management. (eds. Anderson D. M.; Boerlage, S. F. E. and Dixon, M.B.) Paris, France, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, pp. 205-222 (IOC Manuals and Guides No. 78). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25607/OBP-312