Seawater intake considerations to mitigate HAB impacts.
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Boerlage, Siobhan F.E.
Missimer, Thomas M.
Pankratz, Thomas M.
Anderson, Donald M.
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Seawater intakes are a key element in the design, construction and success of desalination plants. Various intake options exist and are generally classified based on their abstraction depth. Surface ocean intakes abstract seawater from the top of the water column or at depth, while subsurface1 intakes are embedded in the seabed or beach, thereby pre-filtering the abstracted seawater. Location, intake type and depth are important determinants of water quality. Intakes are also the first point of control in minimizing the ingress of algae into a plant or where algal impacts first manifest. Originally the more robust thermal desalination processes dominated the desalination market where feedwater quality was not the primary driver in determining intake type or location. Instead, feedwater supply was critical, as thermal plants were configured as cogeneration power/desalination plants with common intakes with large volume requirements to generate both power and water. Intake and .....
Title of ReportHarmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Desalination: a Guide to Impacts, Monitoring and Management.
Editor(s) of ReportAnderson, D.M.
PublisherIntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO
Series;NrIntergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Manuals and Guides;78
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.1
Best Practice TypeManual
CitationBoerlage, S.F.E.; Missimer, T. M.; Pankratz, T. M. and Anderson, D. M. (2017) Seawater intake considerations to mitigate HAB impacts. In: Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Desalination: A Guide to Impacts, Monitoring and Management. (eds. Anderson D. M.; Boerlage, S. F. E. and Dixon, M.B.) Paris, France, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, pp.169-203. (IOC Manuals and Guides No. 78). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25607/OBP-311