Policy brief: Best practice examples of existing economic policy instruments and potential new economic policy instruments to reduce marine litter and eliminate barriers to GES. D. 4.13.
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Veiga, Joana Mira
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Marine litter is a complex problem and recognised as a major and growing environmental concern (UNEP, 2009). It threatens marine ecosystems and biodiversity (e.g. through ingestion or entanglement by marine species) and ultimately risks human well- being by damaging socioeconomic activities (e.g. losses to fishing or clean up costs) and posing health risks (e.g. ingestion of plastics through the food chain) (EEA, 2015). Marine litter originates from div erse and various, sources both land and sea -based, and the types of items which end up in the world’s seas and oceans are both varying and numerous (UNEP, 2009). Those often identified include plastic caps and lids, bottles, plastic bags, hygiene products, food containers, fishing nets, and cigarette butts (Interwies et al. 2013). These items can be found in great quantities on the ocean floor, in the water column, floating at sea, .....
Resource URLwww.cleansea -project.eu
PublisherEcologic Institute for CleanSea Project
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.1
Best Practice TypeBest Practice
CitationBoteler, B.; Abhold, K.; Oosterhuis, F.; Fernandez, P.; Hadzhiyska, D; Pavlova, D. and Veiga . J,M, (2015) Policy brief: Best practice examples of existing economic policy instruments and potential new economic policy instruments to reduce marine litter and eliminate barriers to GES. D. 4.13. Berlin, Germany, Ecologic Institute for CleanSea Project, 13pp. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25607/OBP-198