Best Practice Framework and Principles for Monitoring the Effect of Coastal Development on Marine Mammals.
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Hawkins, Elizabeth R.
Brooks, Lyndon O.
Harrison, Peter L.
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As the world’s human population increases along the coastal zone, with major alteration of coastal embayments, increased on-water activities and a plethora of other intrusions into the coastal zone, there is a simultaneous increase in pressures on marine mammals. Growing evidence indicates that many marine mammals are highly susceptible to declines resulting from direct and indirect impacts arising from diverse human activities. Too frequently, assessment of the impact from coastal developments on marine mammals has been inadequate or completely lacking. At worst this has led to catastrophic decline in some populations. Without rigorous ecological assessments along with adaptive management frameworks prior to the initiation of developments, the number of marine mammal populations likely to be adversely impacted will continue to rise. To address these shortcomings, we present a globally applicable best practice framework by; (i) describing guiding principles and; (ii) review.....
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.2
Essential Ocean Variables (EOV)Marine turtles, birds, mammals abundance and distribution
Best Practice TypeBest Practice
CitationHawkins Elizabeth R.; Harcourt Robert; Bejder Lars; Brooks Lyndon O.; Grech Alana; Christiansen Fredrik; Marsh Helene and Harrison Peter L. (2017) Best Practice Framework and Principles for Monitoring the Effect of Coastal Development on Marine Mammals. Frontiers In Marine Science, 4, Article 59, 15pp. DOI:doi: 10.3389/fmars.2017.00059