Guide to best practices for ocean acidification research and data reporting. [reprinted edition including erratum]
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Ocean acidification is an undisputed fact. The ocean presently takes up one-fourth of the carbon CO2 emitted to the atmosphere from human activities. As this CO2 dissolves in the surface ocean, it reacts with seawater to form carbonic acid, increasing ocean acidity and shifting the partitioning of inorganic carbon species towards increased CO2 and dissolved inorganic carbon, and decreased concentration of carbonate ion. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution in the 18th century, surface-ocean acidity has gone up by 30%. The current increase in ocean acidity is a hundred times faster than any previous natural change that has occurred over the last many millions of years. In the case of unabated CO2 emissions the level of ocean acidity will increase to three times the preindustrial level by the end of this century. Recovery from this large and rapid perturbation will require tens of thousands of years. While our understanding of the possible consequences of ocean a.....
Other TitleThe OA Bible.
PublisherPublications Office of the European Union
Essential Ocean Variables (EOV)Inorganic carbon
CitationRiebesell U., Fabry V. J., Hansson L. & Gattuso J.-P. (eds) (2011) Guide to best practices for ocean acidification research and data reporting. [reprinted edition including erratum]. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union, 258pp. (EUR 24872 EN). DOI 10.2777/66906
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