Now showing items 9-28 of 28

    • Bloom prevention and control. 

      Anderson, Clarissa R.; Sellner, Kevin G.; Anderson, Donald M. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a serious and growing problem to many sectors of society, including the desalination industry. The many problems that HABs present for seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) desalination plants ...
    • Case histories for Harmful Algal Blooms in desalination. 

      Boerlage, Siobhan F.E.; Dixon, Mike B.; Anderson, Donald M. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      Algae have long been an issue impacting desalination plant operation in areas prone to algal blooms or where macroalgae (seaweeds) and detritus became dislodged from the seabed. Previously and still today, operators and ...
    • Creating a weekly Harmful Algal Bloom bulletin. Version 1.0. [Best Practice Description Document] 

      Leadbetter, Adam; Silke, Joe; Cusack, Caroline (Marine Institute, Galway, Ireland, 2018)
      This document describes the procedural steps in creating an information product focused on toxic and harmful phytoplankton. The product is an online Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) bulletin for aquaculturists, who can face serious ...
    • Designing an observing system for early detection of harmful algal blooms. 

      Karlson, Bengt; Anderson, Clarissa R.; Coyne, Kathryn J.; Sellner, Kevin G.; Anderson, Donald M. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a serious and growing threat to many desalination plants. It is therefore important to limit the impact from HABs by preventing blooms from reaching seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plants ...
    • GlobalHAB: Evaluating, Reducing and Mitigating the Cost of Harmful Algal Blooms: A Compendium of Case Studies. 

      Trainer, Vera L. (North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Victoria, BC, Canada, 2020)
      Over the last two decades, several efforts have been addressed to compile what is known about the economic impacts of harmful algal blooms (HABs; e.g., Anderson et al., 2000; Hoagland and Scatasta 2006; Huppert and Trainer, ...
    • Guide for designing and implementing a plan to monitor toxin-producing microalgae. 2nd Edition. 

      Reguera, Beatriz; Alonso, Rosalba; Moreira, Ángel; Méndez, Silvia; Dechraoui Bottein, Marie-Yasmine (Unesco & IAEA, Paris, France & Vienna, Austria, 2016)
      The first edition of this manual was first published in 2011 in Spanish. Pigmented phytoplankton is the main primary producer and constitutes the foundation of the marine food webs. Blooms, the explosive growth of ...
    • Guidelines for the study of climate change effects on HABs. 

      Wells, Mark; Burford, Michele; Kremp, Anke; Montresor, Marina; Pitcher, Grant; Richardson, Anthony; Eriksen, Ruth; Hallegraeff, Gustaaf; Rochester, Wayne; Pitcher, Grant; Burford, Michele; Van de Waal, Dedmer; Bach, Lennart; Berdalet, Elisa; Brandenburg, Karen; Suikkanen, Sanna; Wohlrab, Sylke; Hansen, Per; Hennon, Gwenn; Sefbom, Josefin; Schaum, Elisa; Dyhrman, Sonya; Godhe, Anna; Zingone, Adriana; Escalera, Laura; Bresnan, Elieen; Enevoldsen, Henrik; Provoost, Pieter; Richardson, Anthony; Hamilton, David; Anderson, Clarissa; Hense, Inga; Chapra, Steven (UNESCO-IOC/SCOR, Paris, France, 2021)
      Our planet Earth is changing. Marine and freshwater ecosystems are experiencing intense natural and anthropogenic pressures that will generate unforeseen changes in their structure and functioning. The drivers of climate ...
    • HAB Publication Series Volume 1. Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning (ASP). 

      Ravn, H. (UNESCO, Paris, France, 1995)
      In this manual a review is provided of the chemical and toxicological aspects of Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning (ASP). The document contains information on chemical structure, chemical data, where to obtain standards and ...
    • Harmful agal bloom-related water quality monitoring for desalination design and operation. 

      Boerlage, Siobhan F.E.; Villacorte, Loreen O.; Weinrich, Lauren; Assiyeh Alizadeh Tabatabai, S.; Kennedy, Maria D.; Schippers, Jan C. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      Characterization of the raw seawater at plant intakes and monitoring to detect poor water quality events including harmful algal blooms (HABs) is critical throughout the lifetime of a desalination plant. HABs can result ...
    • Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) and Desalination: a Guide to Impacts, Monitoring and Management. 

      Anderson, Donald M.; Boerlage, Siobhan F. E.; Dixon, Mike B. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO,, Paris, France, 2017)
      Arid countries throughout the world are heavily reliant on seawater desalination for their supply of drinking and municipal water. The desalination industry is large and rapidly growing, approaching more than 20,000 ...
    • Harmful algal blooms. 

      Anderson, Donald M. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      Harmful algal blooms are increasing in frequency and magnitude in many parts of the world, and one of the sectors of society that is being increasingly affected is the desalination industry. Given trends in the development ...
    • Manual on Harmful Marine Microalgae. 2nd revised edition. 

      Hallegraeff, G.M.; Anderson, D.M.; Cembella, A.D.; Enevoldsen, H.O. (UNESCO, Paris, France, 2004)
      Following a general introduction on harmful algal blooms, the Manual proper is composed of four parts: Methods, Taxonomy, Monitoring and Management, and Appendices. The Methods section covers oceanographic field-sampling ...
    • Microscopic and molecular methods for quantitative phytoplankton analysis. 

      Karlson, B.; Cusack, C.; Bresnan, E. (UNESCO, Paris, France, 2010)
      A new manual on microscopic and molecular methods for quantitative phytoplankton analysis is available from the IOC in cooperation with ICES. The manual includes illustrated step by step instructions on how to carry out ...
    • Potentially harmful microalgae of the western Indian Ocean: a guide based on a preliminary survey. 

      Hansen, Gert; Turquet, Jean; Quod, Jean Pascal; Ten-Hage, Loic; Lugomela, Charles; Kyewalyanga, Margareth; Hirbungs, Mira; Wawiye, Peter; Ogongo, Bernard; Tunje, Shandrack; Rakotaorinjanahary, Henri (UNESCO-IOC, Paris, France, 2001)
    • Real-time Coastal Observing Systems for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics and Harmful Algal Blooms: theory, instrumentation and modelling. 

      Babin, Marcel; Roesler, Collin S.; Cullen, John J. (Unesco, Paris, France, 2008)
      The proliferation of harmful phytoplankton in marine ecosystems can cause massive fish kills, contaminate seafood with toxins, impact local and regional economies and dramatically affect ecological balance. Real-time ...
    • Recommendations for improved and coherent acquisition and processing of backscatter data from seafloor-mapping sonars. 

      Lamarche, Geoffroy; Lurton, Xavier (2018)
      Multibeam echosounders are becoming widespread for the purposes of seafloor bathymetry mapping, but the acquisition and the use of seafloor backscatter measurements, acquired simultaneously with the bathymetric data, are ...
    • Removal of algal toxins and taste and odor compounds during desalination. 

      Dixon, Mike B.; Boerlage, Siobhan F.E.; Churman, Holly; Henthorne, Lisa; Anderson, Donald M. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      A major challenge in desalination is the removal of harmful algal bloom (HAB) toxins and taste and odor compounds (hereafter referred to as algal metabolites) using common treatment techniques. Removal of other compounds ...
    • Seawater intake considerations to mitigate HAB impacts. 

      Boerlage, Siobhan F.E.; Missimer, Thomas M.; Pankratz, Thomas M.; Anderson, Donald M. (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      Seawater intakes are a key element in the design, construction and success of desalination plants. Various intake options exist and are generally classified based on their abstraction depth. Surface ocean intakes abstract ...
    • Solutions for managing cyanobacterial blooms: A scientific summary for policy makers. 

      Burford, M.A.; Gobler, C.J.; Hamilton, D.P.; Visser, P.M.; Lurling, M.; Codd, G.A. (UNESCO-IOC, Paris, France, 2019)
      Algae grow wherever there is water; in oceans, freshwater lakes, rivers, streams and pools. They underpin aquatic food webs, providing nutrition for animals in the system, and along with microbes, are responsible for ...
    • World Health Organization and International Guidelines for toxin control, Harmful Algal Boom management, and response planning. 

      Soltani, Alex; Hess, Philipp; Dixon, Mike B.; Boerlage, Siobhan F.E.; Anderson, Donald M.; Newcombe, Gayle; House, Jenny; Ho, Lionel; Baker, Peter; Burch, Michael (Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, France, 2017)
      Drinking water guidelines are designed to protect public health and the safety of drinking water supplies by suggesting safe levels for constituents that are known to be hazardous to health. The World Health Organization ...