Review of plastic footprint methodologies: Laying the foundation for the development of a standardised plastic footprint measurement tool.
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Of the 8,300 million tonnes (Mt) of plastic produced from 1950 to 2015, only 7% has been recycled while more than half has been discarded in landfill or leaked into the environment. Plastic leakage into the environment demonstrates a systemic failure of the take-make-dispose consumption model and makes clear the need for a shift towards more circular material flows. With 10 Mt of plastics leaking into the ocean annually (Boucher & Friot, 2017) from a variety of sources, improving the circularity of plastic flows, from source-to-sea is key. Companies, organisations, and governments are taking measures to tackle plastic pollution. However, as recognised during the Third United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA- 3, Nairobi, 2017), there is currently no standard methodology to measure the extent of the plastic problem. Countries and other stakeholders were encouraged to “cooperate to establish common definitions and harmonized standards and methodologies for the measu.....
PublisherInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.1
Essential Ocean Variables (EOV)Marine debris
CitationBoucher, J., Dubois, C. Kounina, A. and Puydarrieux, P. (2019) Review of plastic footprint methodologies: Laying the foundation for the development of a standardised plastic footprint measurement tool, Gland, Switzerland: IUCN, 80pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.CH.2019.10.en
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