Marine HNS Response Manual: Multi-regional Bonn Agreement, HELCOM, REMPEC.
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Maritime transport is often described as “the backbone of globalized trade and the manufacturing supply chain”, since more than 80% of the global merchandise trade by volume is carried by sea. Some of the goods transported are defined as Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS). HNS might be released into the sea as the consequence of illegal discharges or maritime accidents such as groundings or collisions; and whilst major incidents involving an HNS spill are rare, they can be very complex and potentially have severe impacts on human health, the environment, and socio-economic resources. The particular challenges associated with responding to HNS incidents are linked to the heterogeneity of the various substances considered as HNS, which include substances presenting various hazards (physical hazards such as fire and explosion, health hazards such as toxicity, and environmental hazards) and behaviours (gases/evaporators, floaters, dissolvers, sinkers). The obje.....
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.1
CitationAlcaro L., Brandt J., Giraud W., Mannozzi M. and Nicolas-Kopec A. (2021) Marine HNS Response Manual Multi-regional Bonn Agreement, HELCOM, REMPEC. Project WestMopoco, 321pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25607/OBP-1933