A practical guide on safe hookah diving – Diving for sea cucumbers and other marine organisms.
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The gathering of commercial benthic organisms from the seabed by underwater fishers is a growing activity in many regions in Africa, Asia, Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean. Sea cucumbers are particularly targeted, as they are in great demand and command high market prices in Asian markets. Fishing and trading of these holothurians have attracted the interest of many people, particularly trade intermediaries, who often employ local fishers with little or no underwater diving experience. Generally poorly equipped, the fishers are often forced to work long hours with no concerns over their state of physical health and psychophysical suitability for the strenuous and dangerous activity of diving. In many regions, sea cucumber fishers operate with compressed air supplied by hookah systems frequently powered by unsuitable or improvised compressors. Furthermore, because of the declining number of specimens in shallow waters in many fishing grounds, divers increasingly sear.....
PublisherFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.b
CitationBuonfiglio, G. and Lovatelli, A. (2023) A practical guide on safe hookah diving – Diving for sea cucumbers and other marine organisms. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 77pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4060/cc3789en
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