Marine mammal ecology and health: finding common ground between conventional science and indigenous knowledge to track arctic ecosystem variability.
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Hauser, Donna D. W.
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Marine mammals respond to, and thereby reflect, changes in Arctic ecosystems that are important both to practitioners of conventional science (CS) and to holders of indigenous knowledge (IK). Although often seen as contrasting approaches to tracking ecosystem variability, when CS and IK are combined they can provide complementary and synergistic information. Despite exceptions, ecosystem-focused CS is often spatially broad and time shallow (1000 s km, decades) while IK is comparatively narrow spatially and time deep (10 s km, centuries). In addition, differences in how information is gathered, stored, applied and communicated can confound information integration from these two knowledge systems. Over the past four decades, research partnerships between CS practitioners and IK holders have provided novel insights to an Alaskan Arctic marine ecosystem in rapid transition. We identify insights from some of those projects, as they relate to changes in sea ice, oceanography, and more broadl.....
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Spatial CoverageArctic Region
CitationMoore, S. E. and Hauser, D. D. W. (2019) Marine mammal ecology and health: Finding common ground between conventional science and indigenous knowledge to track arctic ecosystem variability. Environmental Research Letters, 14(7), 075001, 11pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab20d8
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