Climate change impacts on wildlife in a High Arctic archipelago – Svalbard, Norway.
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Kovacs, Kit M.
Pedersen, Åshild Ø.
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The Arctic is warming more rapidly than other region on the planet, and the northern Barents Sea, including the Svalbard Archipelago, is experiencing the fastest temperature increases within the circumpolar Arctic, along with the highest rate of sea ice loss. These physical changes are affecting a broad array of resident Arctic organisms as well as some migrants that occupy the region seasonally. Herein, evidence of climate change impacts on terrestrial and marine wildlife in Svalbard is reviewed, with a focus on bird and mammal species. In the terrestrial ecosystem, increased winter air temperatures and concomitant increases in the frequency of ‘rain-on-snow’ events are one of the most important facets of climate change with respect to impacts on flora and fauna. Winter rain creates ice that blocks access to food for herbivores and synchronizes the population dynamics of the herbivore–predator guild. In the marine ecosystem, increases in sea temperature and reductions in sea i.....
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)13.1
Essential Ocean Variables (EOV)Marine turtles, birds, mammals abundance and distribution
Best Practice TypeManual (incl. handbook, guide, cookbook etc)
Spatial CoverageArctic Ocean
CitationDescamps, S.; Aars, J.; Fuglei, E.; Kovacs, K.M.; Lydersen, C.; Pavlova, O.; Pedersen, Å.Ø.; Ravolainen, V. and Strøm, H. (2017), Climate change impacts on wildlife in a High Arctic archipelago – Svalbard, Norway. Global Change Biology 23, pp.490-502. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13381
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