Modeling the Role of Microplastics in Bioaccumulation of Organic Chemicals to Marine Aquatic Organisms. A Critical Review.
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Koelmans, Albert A.
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It has been shown that ingestion of microplastics may increase bioaccumulation of organic chemicals by aquatic organisms. This paper critically reviews the literature on the effects of plastic ingestion on the bioaccumulation of organic chemicals, emphasizing quantitative approaches and mechanistic models. It appears that the role of microplastics can be understood from chemical partitioning to microplastics and subsequent bioaccumulation by biota, with microplastic as a component of the organisms’ diet. Microplastic ingestion may either clean or contaminate the organism, depending on the chemical fugacity gradient between ingested plastic and organism tissue. To date, most laboratory studies used clean test organisms exposed to contaminated microplastic, thus favouring chemical transfer to the organism. Observed effects on bioaccumulation were either insignificant or less than a factor of two to three. In the field, where contaminants are present already, gradients can be expected to .....
Title of BookMarine Anthropogenic Litter.
Editor(s) of BookBergmann, Melanie
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14
Maturity LevelTRL 5 System/subsystem/component validation in relevant environment
Best Practice TypeManual (incl. handbook, guide, cookbook etc)
CitationKoelmans, A.A. (2015) Modeling the Role of Microplastics in Bioaccumulation of Organic Chemicals to Marine Aquatic Organisms. A Critical Review. In: Marine Anthropogenic Litter (eds. Bargeman, M., Gutow, G. and Klages, M.). Heidelbderg, Germany, Springer Open, pp.309-324. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_11
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