Ship-Based Contributions to Global Ocean, Weather, and Climate Observing Systems.
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Smith, Shawn R.
Berry, David I.
Kent, Elizabeth C.
de la Villéon, Loic Petit
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The role ships play in atmospheric, oceanic, and biogeochemical observations is described with a focus on measurements made near the ocean surface. Ships include merchant and research vessels; cruise liners and ferries; fishing vessels; coast guard, military, and other government-operated ships; yachts; and a growing fleet of automated surface vessels. The present capabilities of ships to measure essential climate/ocean variables and the requirements from a broad community to address operational, commercial, and scientific needs are described. The authors provide a vision to expand observations needed from ships to understand and forecast the exchanges across the ocean–atmosphere interface. The vision addresses (1) recruiting vessels to improve both spatial and temporal sampling, (2) conducting multivariate sampling on ships, (3) raising technology readiness levels of automated shipboard sensors and ship-to-shore data communications, (4) advancing quality evaluation of obser.....
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14
Best Practice TypeManual (incl. handbook, guide, cookbook etc)
CitationSmith, S.R., et al (2019) Ship-Based Contributions to Global Ocean, Weather, and Climate Observing Systems. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6:434, 26pp. DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00434
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